TKP Uses and Applications

TKP is probably one of the most efficient source of xyloglucan therefore it is used as :-

  •     Gelling agent and as a wet end additive in the paper industry.
  •     An agent for permanent waving/curling of hairs
  •     Oxidized hair dye mixed with primary dyeing agent .
  •     Soil Stabilizer in the oil-field during the Drilling.
  •     Adhesive in Ply-wood manufacturing.
  •     Waterproofing agent in Explosives, ANFO{Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil} based explosives .
  •     Printing ink thickener as well as sizing material in Textile Industries.
  •     Sizing Jute yarns and cotton warps.
  •     Tablet binder in Pharmaceuticals.
  •     Alternative for starches and galactomannans.
  •     Additive in paints.
  •     Functional barrier coating for cellulose fibers.
  •     Base for making various adhesives.
  •     Binder for Sawdust/Biomass briquette.
  •     Binder in Fine coal utilization {substitute for guar gum}
  •     Creaming agent in rubber latex manufacturing.
  •     A Binding and stabilizing agent in the brick manufacturing.    

Agarwal et. al. (2006), recommends TKP for extracting hexavalent Chromium from the aqueous media by Biosorption. They conclude that TKP is most economical and worthwhile alternative over the conventional methods such as ion exchange, precipitation, oxidation-reduction etc which are expensive and not Eco-friendly.

Anirudhan & Radhakrishnan (2009) states the use of tamarind shell cation exchange for the bio-adsorption of hexavalent Uranium from water and nuclear industry waster water. They insist bio-adsorption is effective and versatile method for removing heavy metals such as U(VI). Because of its {Tamarind polymer} affordability it can be expended, and can be disposed of without expensive regeneration.

Mahto(2007), suggests using tamarind gum in accordance with partially hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide and Bentonite mud. The resultant product showed excellent penetration rates and better rheological characteristics needed for the gas oil-well drilling applications. The final product was stable at 75°C, the viscosity was achieved after 16 hours of hydration time. The use of TKP derivatives can decrease the total hydration time to within one hour and the overall thermal stability greater than 200°F.

Rupinski et. al.(2009) claims of developing a rheology modifier for water based drilling mud from tamarind gum, poly-anionic cellulose and Bentonite which is safer than cellulose used alone. A mud composition of Bentonite (7%), Potassium Hydroxide (0.1%), Lignit K (4.0%), Potassium Chloride (3.0%), Tamarind gum (2.0%), Lignosulfate (0.5), 1-Octanol (0.1%) has led to lesser filtrate. The outcomes of the experiments show that high molecular weight cellulose derivatives used without tamarind gum leads to higher filtrate values. Using comparatively lower cellulose derivative concentration with tamarind gum yields low filtrate.

At present TKP products are not been used in Agricultural applications, they could prove very useful additives for insecticides, fungicides, herbicides and plant growth regulators. Advantage of using TKP would result in better characteristics such as increased storage stability, handling.


References :-

Agarwal GS, Bhuptawat HK, Chaudhari S: “Biosorption of aqueous chromium(VI) by Tamarindus indica seeds”, Bioresource Technology; 2006 May;97(7):949-56. viewed online at

Mahto V, “Development of Water based Oil Well Drilling Fluids using Tamarind gum and Partially Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide”, Mineral Processing Technology, MPT 2007. viewed online at

Rupinski S, Brzozowski ZK, Uliasz M,”Study of the application of Starch derivatives as the regulators of Potassium drilling fluid filtration”, Chemistry & Chemical Technology, Vol.3, No.3, 2009 viewed online at

Anirudhan TS, Radhakrishnan PG, “Improved performance of biomaterial-based cation exchanger for the adsorption of uranium(VI) from water and nuclear industry wastewater”,Journal of radioactivity; 2009 March, 100(3): 250-257. viewed online at

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